This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification.  As part of this agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir. What the Simla Agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved through the 1973 Delhi Agreement, signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan.    The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.    The agreement insists on respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and the flaw in hostile propaganda. The agreement was reached by mutual agreement and signed after the 1971 Indo-pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, which led to the formation of Bangladesh.
The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla at the set time. The Summit was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship obliging the two countries to renounce the use of force in the event of a dispute, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to renounce opposing military alliances. Pakistan wanted to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the restoration of diplomatic relations.